Weil’s Disease – should you be worried?

1 Sep

We are really excited this week to introduce our first guest blogger – welcome Jez from Adventure Safety Training.  He is talking about Leptospirosis or Weil’s disease which is it’s more common name.

Jez has worked for over 10 years in outdoor activities.  He is a keen kayaker and canoeist (which puts him in the higher risk of infection from Leptospirosis category).

More recently Jez started to teach First Aid and offers a wide range of first aid courses including HSE first aid at work courses and for those working in the outdoor environment.

Leptospirosis also goes by several other names including Weil’s disease. It is a bacterial infection that can infect people. It comes from animals usually rats and cattle, but not exclusively.

Leptospirosis is most common in tropical areas of the world. It is in the UK but much more rare. It tends to affect those that work in certain environments.  They tend to be farmers, sewage workers, abattoir workers and those in contact with fresh water a lot of the time (sailors or canoeists, particularly those with stagnant water).

The bacteria can get into your body through cuts scratches and exposed soft tissue (i.e. lining of mouth and eyes). It is easy to reduce the risk of infection, use protective clothing/gloves in suspected areas or when handling high risk carriers (i.e. rats). Wash cuts and grazes immediately and then cover with waterproof plasters. Always wash your hands before eating if you have been in a high risk area.

Globally, it is estimated that 10 million people will get leptospirosis every year. Rarely, leptospirosis occurs in temperate climates, such as the UK.  In 2009, there were 33 reported cases of leptospirosis in England and Wales, 14 of which were acquired abroad. Most cases either involved people who regularly worked with animals and/or water, such as farmers and sewer workers or people who took part in water-based activities, such as canoeing or sailing. It is very rare for someone from the UK die from it as most of the cases are of the mild form and caught early enough.  However, Andrew Jeremy (“Andy”) Holmes MBE was a British rower on 24th October 2010 he died from contracting the rare water-borne disease.

The symptoms usually occur from 3 days after infection up to 30 days. These do vary but include flu like symptoms, diarrhoea, cough, sore throat, muscle pain or conjunctivitis. If these symptoms are left to continue it is possible to move towards more serious Leptospirosis these symptoms vary depending upon which organs are being affected. It could move to the liver, kidneys and heart, the brain or the lungs.

If you do work in areas that could be affected (see list above) do tell you GP ASAP. The earlier it’s suspected the better the rate of recovery. It can only be diagnosed with blood and urine tests. By the time these are done it could have got more serious, so a GP may well start antibiotics early if you work in suspicious areas.

Prevention is better than cure!

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4 Responses to “Weil’s Disease – should you be worried?”

  1. Jez Middleton October 3, 2011 at 6:12 am #

    Having seen some recent additions to the news I thought I should make a comment or two on it…..I don’t know if you have seen the news that David Walliams may or may not be being tested for Weil’s Disease. My thoughts on this are that he should be undergoing a blood test. Why well my thinking is quite simple and straight forward. He suffered “Thames tummy” and “high temperature” on 5th September. On 10th September he was warned not to swim in the Thames by Thames Water as 500,000 cubic meters of raw sewage had entered the river in the last 5 days. He is at high risk, as he could have simply caught it from rats from the sewage system, or from the rain washing off the fields and from cattle farms/fields. This puts himself at High Risk. Walliams is said to be still suffering flu like symptoms since having stopped swimming in the Thames on 12th September. If it was me I would have wanted a blood test and to be on antibiotics.
    All the above are classic signs and symptoms of Weil’s disease. If it is caught early the outlook and recovery is good. The longer its allowed to build in your body the more severer it gets and the possibility of it developing into liver, kidney or heart issues.

  2. Shampa Paul March 2, 2013 at 7:10 am #

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  3. Shampa Paul March 6, 2013 at 4:15 am #

    This is a good blog; really it helped me to enhance my knowledge about how to deal with different . The information is apt and well written, thanks for sharing. You can even check out our website for some new information on safety management.

    • abateltd May 22, 2013 at 10:19 am #

      Thank you very much for your comment – it’s much appreciated!

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